The 2015 Ghana district League table has ranked Tema as the best. With a score of 77%, Tema Metropolitan Assembly who occupied the 20th position last year has now overtaken other districts to jump to the first position. In 2014, Tema Metropolitan Assembly was the highest ranked metropolitan assembly.
The district league table is a social accountability tool that ranks Ghana’s 216 districts by their level of development and service delivery.
The ranking uses indicators from 6 key sectors; health, education, sanitation, water, governance and security – to compile a single score for each district.
While the results of the DLT generated a lot of interest, discussions and some controversies as well, the most significant outcome of the DLT’s launch was that district leaders, assembly members, parliamentarians, the media and ordinary citizens became more aware of their district’s development status and were now asking questions and demanding answers for what happened, and what they could do to change that status for a better ranking in 2015.
With a score of just 37%.Gomoa West in the Central Region, is at the bottom of the table, occupying the 216th position.
The top five positions are occupied by Tema Metropolitan Assembly, La Nkwantanang -Madina Municipal, Atwima Nwabiagya, Babiani Anhwiaso Bekwai and Awutu Senya.
In November 2014, a new social accountability tool for Ghana; the District League Table (DLT) was developed and launched by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Ghana and the Ghana Centre for Democratic Development (CDD-Ghana), in collaboration with the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development.
According to the UNICEF website the DLT ranks progress toward delivering wellbeing in key basic services such as education, sanitation, health, security, governance and rural water in all the 216 metropolitan, municipal and district assemblies (MMDAs).
Six (6) indicators
The six key indicators used in rating the MMDAs are:
- Average BECE pass rate
- District certification as Open Defecation Free (ODF)
- Skilled attendance at delivery
- Coverage of police services
- Evidence of DA holding Ordinary Meetings
- Access to water by rural communities
These are all aggregated into one DLT Index.
Each district had to obtain a score of 100 in the DLT to demonstrate that the respective populations had full access to core basic services as represented by the index.
In the maiden report (2014), the top five districts were:
Tano South, Nsawam-Adoagyiri Municipal, Denkyembour, Jaman South Bibiani Anhwiaso Bekwai, with scores ranging from 76 to 73.
The five most challenged districts were :
Gushiegu, Saboba, Sekyere Afram Plains South, Ekumfi, Karaga with scores ranging from 32 to 15.
The district League Table gives a fair idea about which districts are doing well in Ghana and can be good examples for others, and which are struggling and need assistance to perform better.